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Monday, July 20, 2020 | History

2 edition of Harmonization and standardization of Nigerian languages found in the catalog.

Harmonization and standardization of Nigerian languages

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Published by CASAS in Cape Town .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • African languages -- Orthography and spelling.,
  • Language and languages -- Orthography and spelling.,
  • Nigeria -- Languages -- Orthography and spelling.,
  • Nigeria -- Languages -- Standardization.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    Other titlesHarmonisation and standardisation of Nigerian languages
    Statementedited by F.O. Egbokhare & S.O. Oyetade.
    SeriesCASAS book series -- no. 19
    ContributionsEgbokhare, Francis O., Oyetade, S. O., Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsPL8021.N5 H34 2002
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiii, 129 p. :
    Number of Pages129
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16470418M
    ISBN 101919799702
    ISBN 109781919799704
    LC Control Number2003391624

    ABSTRACT: For more than half a century now, discussions on the distinctiveness of the English language in Nigeria have dominated many scholarly articles. Some of these articles have adequately proved that the grammatical and lexical systems have attained an appreciable standard, but it is doubtful if the same could be said of its phonology. The Purple Book is revised on a regular basis to incorporate agreed changes and updates to the GHS. What is the GHS Purple Book? The United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals, also known as GHS, is neither a regulation nor a standard. It is a system that provides the basis for individual countries to.

      This article offers a historiographic analysis of twentieth century debates amongst agents with linguistic, missionary and ideological interest in the standardisation or harmonisation of two widely used clusters of languages in South Africa, Nguni and Sotho. The discussion illustrates how faith-based and political ideologies interact with and bring influence to bear on the interpretation of. Chapter 7: Language variation 4 MAP main Fulani of West Africa are dark (blue) on the map. Dialect It is generally assumed that Fula is a language, that is, a single language, with a number of this sense, a dialect is regarded as a geographical variety of a language, spoken in a certain area, and being different in some linguistic items from.

      Standardization Process: Harmonization & Selection • Problems – Too many standards (and maybe SDOs) in some domains: Vendors, HCOs don’t know which one to use – Overlapping content – Need for local specialization • May not be easy to accommodate – Especially challenging with terminology (code sets) • Addressing the challenge: Selection and harmonization. If culture is the main determinant of our at titudes, tastes and mores, language is the central feature of culture. It is in language that culture is transmitted, interpreted and configured. Language is also a register of culture. Historically, the trajectory of a culture can be read in the language and the evolution of its lexicals and morphology.


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Harmonization and standardization of Nigerian languages Download PDF EPUB FB2

Harmonization and standardization of Nigerian languages. Cape Town: CASAS, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Francis O Egbokhare; S O Oyetade; Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society. Obiamalu, G.O.C. () The development of Igbo standard orthography: a historical survey in Egbokhare, Francis O.

and Oyetade, S.O. (ed.) () Harmonization and standardization of Nigerian languages. Cape Town: Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society (CASAS). ISBN Language family:.

As stated in the book, International Accounting: A User Perspective, harmonization is defined as “the process by which differences in financial reporting practices among countries are reduced with a goal of making financial statements more comparable and decision-useful across countries.

produce one common or standard language. In this process variant forms between dialects are neutralised or harmonisedin the common or standard language(e.g. Ngwato, Ngwaketsi, and Setswana to form Standard Setswana). The phenomenon of harmonisation can also occur between languages(e.g.

IsiZulu, IsiXhosa, SiSwati, IsiNdebele). Success Factors for Standardization and Harmonization 1. Senior Management Buy-in and Governance. Process standardization and Harmonization are explicitly stated as objectives. Clear decision rules for standardization and harmonization: a.

Criteria when process variants should not be standardized b. Criteria for selecting the best Size: KB. The Globally Harmonized System (GHS) is an internationally adopted system for the classification and labeling of hazardous chemicals that: Includes established criteria for classifying hazards and for further categorizing (or rating) the hazards according to their relative risks.

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with over million residents. The country is also home to more than languages, but there are many more languages which are yet to be classified. These languages can be classified into two main language families: the Afro-Asiatic language family and the Niger-Congo language family.

The environmental and health standards of Nigeria are in a bad state. InAmnesty International reported that Nigeria experiences hundreds of oil spills per year in the Niger Delta, largely due to pipe erosion, sabotage, and neglect by oil companies.

Development of Indigenous Languages in Nigeria All the Nigerian indigenous languages are basically oral in nature and their development and documentation in written form date back to the colonial era when the need to produce hymn and prayer books for the local people was felt. Challenges Facing the Harmonisation and Standardisation of the Kalenjin Language.

A Unified Standard Orthography for South-Central African Languages (Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe) CASAS launched Book Series No. CASAS launched Book Series No. 87, The Harmonization and Standardization of Kenyan Languages: Orthography and Other Aspects - Edited by Nathan Ogechi, Jane Oduor and Peter Iribemwangi, on the 11th June.

The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) is an internationally agreed-upon standard managed by the United Nations that was set up to replace the assortment of hazardous material classification and labelling schemes previously used around the world. Core elements of the GHS include standardized hazard testing criteria, universal warning pictograms, and.

Accounting Standards should be that language, as it is the on ly set of standards that has been prepared through wide international consultations and participations. The term harmonization was rarely used in colonial linguistics but was foreshadowed by the term both terms may be considered semantically identical, they are ideologically different.

Unification of African languages as a discourse strategy is part of the universe of colonialism or a form of “vernacular-construction” in terms of colonial discourses, while harmonization is.

Vic Webb discusses the crucial notion of ‘fully-fledged standard languages’: SA African languages do have recognized standard varieties but these lack broad acceptance within the various sectors of their respective speaker communities, and this constitutes a serious impediment to their use as language of teaching and learning.

3 introduction. The functions of Nigerian English in relation to other Nigerian languages / V.O. Awonusi. Nigerian English: theoretical perspectives. The concept of Nigerian English / A.B.K. Dadzie; The acquisition and use of English as a second language in Nigeria / Tope Omoniyi; Language acquisition and learning in Nigerian English / Adeyemi Daramola.

Dictionary of Nigerian English Circulation Draft Roger Blench 1 Introduction These notes are intended to raise some issues on sources, interpretation and the definition of Nigerian English.

Sources1 One of the most difficult issues in lexicography is documenting usages in a semi-written language. Prof. Chinyere Ohiri-Aniche, the President of Linguistic Association of Nigeria (LAN), on Tuesday in Abuja, said about Nigerian indigenous languages were endangered. The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in collaboration with the World Bank’s Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) team launched the third wave (–16) of the Nigeria General Household Survey (GHS)-Panel in Abuja, on Decem   Updated by Susan on 24 October "Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)" is a system created by UN to address the classification of chemicals by types of hazard and harmonized hazard communication elements, including labels and safety data sheets.

It aims at providing a basis for harmonization of rules and regulations on chemicals at. This study re-awakens the scholarly concept of Nigerian English (NigE) as a new English (NE). It has, howbeit, noted that NigE is not yet a subject-language.

Domestication is identified and explicated in the study as the theoretical basis for the academically neglected NE. Hence, it highlights the indispensable need for NigE pedagogy as well as its constitutional entrenchment as the national.The third category of languages in Nigeria is the Nigerian Pidgin; which is a hybrid Nigerian language.

There have been several ideas and views about its origin whether it is indigenous or exogenous. Omodiagbe (), comments that ‘Pidgin is an offshoot of the pure ‘English of the early missionaries and colonial administrators’.COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.